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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Diagnosis and treatment

However, if alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caught early and the damage isn’t severe, the condition can be treated. It’s very important to stick with the treatment plan and to stop drinking alcohol during recovery. Using cocaine, methamphetamine, or large amounts of alcohol is known to cause a heart disease called cardiomyopathy. Stimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamine put the heart under a lot of stress. Alcohol can also create toxins in the body that damage the heart. Two or more drinks on any one occasion is considered exceeding a moderate intake of alcohol.

This could mean making lifestyle changes, taking medicine or having a minimally invasive procedure. Coronary artery disease, the most common cause of cardiomegaly, happens to many people. It affects an estimated 18 million people aged 20 and older in the United States. Congestive heart failure, which is often caused by a dilated heart, is the leading cause of hospitalization over the age of 65 in the United States.

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The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Treatment — which might include medications, surgically implanted devices, heart surgery or, in severe cases, a heart transplant — depends on the type of cardiomyopathy and how serious it is. These patients may also benefit from a dietary consult to assess nutrition. Certain microscopic features may suggest damage secondary to alcohol causing cardiomyopathy. Commonly seen cellular structural alterations include changes in the mitochondrial reticulum, cluster formation of mitochondria and disappearance of inter-mitochondrial junctions. In later stages, minor mitochondria and septic mitochondria can be seen.

  • While you can’t always prevent an enlarged heart, living a heart-healthy lifestyle can help lower your risk and avoid complications.
  • You and your health care provider will discuss the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
  • Sleep calms down the episodic inflammation process to minimize heart disease risk factors, she adds.
  • But even those so-called high volume centers have mortality rates that are dramatically higher than what is reported from the true expert centers.

Once the damage is considered irreversible, it’s difficult for the heart and rest of the body to recover. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is most common in men between the ages of 35 and 50, but the condition can affect women as well. People with alcoholic cardiomyopathy often have a history of heavy, long-term drinking, usually between five and 15 years.

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The postulated mechanism includes mitochondria damage, oxidative stress injury, apoptosis, modification of actin and myosin structure, and alteration of calcium homeostasis. Alcohol consumption causes an increase in mitochondrial fragmentation. Studies have shown an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in myocytes following alcohol consumption and thus causes oxidation of lipids, proteins, and DNA leading to cardiac dysfunction.

“Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a very serious disease with significant implications,” says Patel. “Patients usually require medication to help the heart muscle recover.” Before taking any over the counter or prescription medication, check with a pharmacist or doctor about any potential interactions with alcohol. But there isn’t any scientific evidence specifically related to alcohol consumption and diabetes.

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