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Combustion Byproducts as Contaminants

Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of financial topics using simple writing complemented by helpful graphics and animation videos. At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content. Marketing and administrative expenses may also be allocated to the by-product on some equitable basis.

  • Unfortunately not all by-products have the same salability and value as the dairy farmers’ and loggers’ operations.
  • This partial oxidation of hydrocarbons results in molecules that are not completely broken down, releasing potentially toxic substances into the atmosphere.
  • A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation.
  • In this method, a joint production cost is not allocated to the by-product.
  • However, it is necessary to report accumulated manufacturing costs applicable to by-product inventory on the balance sheet.

There aren’t any different raw materials or processes used for the same. To sell it in the market, some processing may be done on it, if required. When there are multiple products created from a production process, the byproducts can be discerned by seeing which ones have a minor resale value in comparison to the value of the other products. If there is no clear differentiation between primary products and byproducts, treat them all as primary products. A by-product is a secondary, incidental, unintended product or substance produced during an industrial production process or action.

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The best place for a smoke alarm or combination alarm is on the ceiling in the center of a room. Occupants risk CO poisoning or chronic respiratory disease caused by smoke from combustion appliances in the home or if a family member smokes. Here are the leading sources of combustion-related indoor pollutants.

CO poisoning reverses itself after the victim breathes enough fresh air. However, severe CO poisoning may require treatment in a barometric chamber at the hospital. In addition, the production (manufacturing) cost of the main product is credited. The replacement cost method is usually applied by firms whose by-products are used within the plant.

A by-product is typically the leftovers from an activity that continues to be useful to your company, but doesn’t contribute directly to its intended purpose or production process. For example, if your company makes tires it might also produce sawdust as a by-product. But if your company runs a wood shop, the sawdust may be useful for flooring or other products. Likewise, leftover scrap metal from making cars might have some resale value as it could be sold for recycling. The replacement cost method is commonly used in the steel industry. Although many by-products are sold in the open market, other products (e.g., blast furnace gas and coke oven gas) are mixed and used to heat open-hearth furnaces.

Thus, a sale of a By-Product can be beneficial to the business if that is priced correctly and at optimum levels by the business. The main products of this industry are whole logs, but every tree has branches and smaller sections that can’t be used as full logs. These sections are typically ground up in a wood chipper to make wood chips. These are then sold to professional landscapers and home garden enthusiasts. In certain chemical reactions such as nuclear fuel processing, the resulting byproducts cannot be marketed as part of the main product and are too dangerous to be marketed individually. Disposing them off in their original form can result in pollution or other harmful effects.

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This indoor pollution includes the poisonous gas such as carbon monoxide (CO), and tiny airborne particles such as soot. CO poisoning is the most common and serious combustion-safety hazard. However tobacco smoke is a leading cause of chronic respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Incomplete combustion can produce a variety of different byproducts, depending on the fuel burned. For instance, incomplete burning of hydrocarbons produces carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas.

What is a Byproduct?

They should measure combustion gases for CO during a service call, combustion-appliance replacement, weatherization project, or major renovation. Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including Entrepreneur, Business Insider, Investopedia, Forbes, CNBC, and many others.

He or she is interested in producing milk, but the manure is created during the process. Smoke is the second most dangerous hazard from combustion byproducts. Smoke particles settle deep in your lungs because they are very small, 2.5 microns or less (PM-2.5).


Inside the lungs, these particles interfere with oxygen processing, irritate lung tissue, and can eventually destroy the lungs. PM-2.5 are considered the most dangerous type of particulate pollution. Unvented space heaters, gas ovens, car exhaust, and tobacco smoke are top 10 richest rappers in the world & their net worths the largest sources of CO. Many people suffer slight poisoning from CO every day from cigarettes, car exhaust, and faulty combustion devices. Remember, CO can kill you so assume that you are breathing CO if you smell combustion gases, and go outdoors immediately.

Method 1 is a typical non-cost procedure in which the final inventory cost of the main product is overstated to the extent that some of the cost belongs to the by-product. As such, the by-product can serve as an additional source of income. The product with the greater value, commonly called the main product, is usually produced in greater quantities than the by-product.

It often happens that along with the main output, a secondary product is also yielded. It is in a lesser quantity and also is of lower overall value as compared to the main product. In simple terms, a byproduct is a secondary or incidental product derived during the synthesis or production of something else. It is not the primary product, rather it is a binary product yielded during the creation of the main product.

These pricing strategies need to be referred so that we can understand pricing later on. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Examples of byproducts are manure from a feedlot operation, sawdust at a sawmill, salt from a desalination plant, and straw from a grain harvesting operation. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

Where this treatment process is not possess, companies need to find a way to contain these byproducts. All costs not reasonably attributable to any one product are considered period costs, and should be recorded on the income statement as sg&a (selling, general and administrative expenses). Alternatively, if the by-product has a market value at that split-off point, the by-product account is charged with this market value.

Modern catalytic converters can oxidize carbon monoxide into carbon dioxide, convert unburned fuel particles into carbon dioxide and water, and reduce nitrogen oxide into nitrogen and oxygen. These devices can significantly reduce, but not totally eliminate, the byproducts of incomplete combustion. In this method, a joint production cost is not allocated to the by-product. Any revenue resulting from the sale of the by-product is credited either to income or to the cost of the main product.

Some portion of the joint production cost is allocated to the by-product. Inventory costs are based on the allocated cost, plus any subsequent processing cost. Thus, pricing the by-products is an essential strategy for the business. A by-product or byproduct is a secondary product derived from a production process, manufacturing process or chemical reaction; it is not the primary product or service being produced.

The typical accounting for any revenues generated from byproducts is to offset them against the cost of goods sold for the primary products that are generated from the manufacturing system. It is also acceptable to record these revenues as miscellaneous revenue. However, recording the sale of byproducts as miscellaneous revenue will result in a minor increase in the amount of reported sales.

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